The Doshas

The Doshas


Ayurveda recognises three primary energies or Doshas in the body, Vata, Pitta & Kapha. Together they regulate every physiological and psychological characteristic from basic cellular processes to the most complex biological functions.

When these forces are in a state of natural balance the defence mechanism of the body works at peak efficiency. But when this balance is disturbed due to an incompatible diet, lifestyle, lack or excess of exercise or mental stress, then the body’s immunity can be affected. This encourages the growth of bacteria and viruses which will cause sickness and disease.

VATA: represents momentum. It is responsible for all the bodily activities and sensations. It controls the movement of blood through the circulatory system, breathing, the delivery of nutrients to the cells and the removal & excretion of waste products.

  • Location: colon, bladder, thighs, hips, legs & kidneys.
  • Qualities: rough, dry, cold, mobile, light, quick, clear, astringent and expansive

PITTA: represents metabolism. It governs digestion and metabolic transformation of nutrients into biologically usable forms. It also imparts the capacity to absorb ideas and impressions and bestows intelligence and an enthusiasm for life.

  • Location: small intestines, liver, gallbladder lower part of the stomach, spleen and pancreas
  • Qualities: hot, sharp, penetrating, light, liquid, sour, oily and fleshy

KAPHA: provides substance and support. It gives strength and stability, both physically and psychologically. It enhances resistance to disease and promotes the healing process.

  • Location: lungs, upper part of the stomach, heart, tongue and oesophagus
  • Qualities: cold, damp, dense, heavy, oily, slow, sweet, stable and moist

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